What Are the Risk Factors for Dry Eye?

What Are the Risk Factors for Dry Eye?

According to the optometry in Toronto, the prevalence of dry eye syndrome increases with age. The dry eye syndrome affects as many as 3.2 million women over the age of 50 and 1.68 million men over the age of 50.

Let us have a look at some risk factors for dry eye:

  • Aging
  • The optometrist near Toronto states that growing age is one of the most important risk factors for dry eye. Most of the moisture producing glands in our bodies begins to produce less and less moisture as we age.

  • Gender
  • Another factor that plays a role is gender. Women are twice as likely to suffer from dry eye as compared to men. Changes in hormone levels in your entire lifetime also impact the amount of moisture produced by the lacrimal glands.

  • Medical problems
  • According to optometry in Toronto, several diseases result in increased risk for dry eye syndrome such as Rheumatoid Arthritis, Diabetes, Thyroid Abnormalities, Asthma, Cataracts, Glaucoma, and Lupus.

  • Medication
  • Certain medications can decrease the body’s ability to produce lubricating tears. This can lead to dry eye syndrome in the long run.

  • Contact Lenses
  • The optometrist in Toronto says that dry eye is the leading cause of contact lens discomfort or intolerance.

  • Environmental Conditions
  • Exposure to smoke, fluorescent lights, air pollution, wind, heat, air conditioning , and dry climates can increase tear evaporation and lead to dry eye syndrome.

  • Computer Users
  • No wonder why people suggest spending lesser time in front of the screen. People who spend many hours staring at computer screens tend to blink less often. Not blinking makes the eyes dry out faster.

  • Refractive surgery

The optometrist near Toronto ON says that refractive surgery increases the risk of dry eye. Surgery often interferes with the superficial nerves on the cornea. For keeping the eye surface moist, you need nerves that function properly.

Dry eye can be diagnosed with the help of many symptoms such as irritation, redness, burning, excessive tearing, or intermittent blurring of vision. The only way to avoid the condition is consulting an optometrist.

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