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What’s Included in a Comprehensive Eye Exam?

What’s Included in a Comprehensive Eye Exam?

Sep 01, 2020

A doctor of optometry performs a comprehensive eye exam, which is an integral part of preventive healthcare. An eye exam is similar to a physical examination for the eye because it looks like the entire eye and conducts a vision examination while also looking at any prescriptions that the patient may be holding.

A comprehensive eye exam in North York, ON, for adults may include but is not limited to detecting eye diseases and disorders like glaucoma, retinal detachment, macular degeneration, cataracts, and other systemic health problems like diabetes and hypertension.

Why Are Eye Exams Necessary?

Eye exams are necessary to detect any problems in the eye at the earliest stage when they can be successfully treated. Regular eye exams provide your optometrist with an opportunity to help you correct and adapt to vision changes and provide you with tips on appropriate care for your eyes.

Several factors will determine how frequently you may need an eye exam. Your age, health, and any risk of developing eye problems can provide indications to your optometrist to schedule eye exams accordingly.

Children below three years will be evaluated by their pediatrician looking for the most common eye problems like crossed eyes or misaligned eyes. Children must undergo comprehensive eye exams between the ages of three and five.

School-age children and adolescents must have their vision checked before they enter first grade. Children who have no symptoms of vision issues and family history of vision problems must have their eyes checked every couple of years. The exam can be scheduled on the advice of the eye doctor as well.

Adults displaying no symptoms of vision issues must have their eyes checked every 5 to 10 years between the ages of 20 and 30, 2 to 4 years between 40 to 54, 1 to 3 years from 55 to 64, and 1 to 2 years after the age of 65. People wearing glasses or contact lenses, a history of eye disease in the family of vision loss, and chronic conditions like diabetes must have their eyes checked more often.

How to Prepare for Eye Exams

Opticians optometrists and ophthalmologists can all conduct comprehensive eye exams. The specialist you choose can depend on your preference or the nature of the eye problem affecting you. The optometrist in North York, ON, provides similar services as ophthalmologists. He or she can evaluate your vision, prescribe corrective lenses, diagnose common eye disorders, and treat select eye diseases. If you have a complicated issue or need surgery, the optometrist can refer you to an ophthalmologist.

You may notice that an optician who fills prescriptions for glasses is also performing eye exams near you and may decide to visit him or her for the sake of convenience. However, you must understand opticians are the experts in filling prescriptions for eyeglasses, including assembling them, fitting, and selling them. They may also sell contact lenses but do not provide eye evaluations. Therefore if you need a comprehensive eye exam, you must either select an ophthalmologist or an optometrist for the examination, which will determine the health of your eyes.

What Happens During a Comprehensive Eye Exam?

During a comprehensive eye exam, the medical professional will ask you questions about your medical history and any vision problems you are experiencing. Your visual activity will be measured by the doctor to determine whether you need glasses or contact lenses to improve your vision. Numbing drops will be administered in your eyes to measure the eye pressure. It is easier for the optometrist to examine the inside of your eyes when the eyes are dilated with eye drops. The doctor checks the health of your eyes after the dilating drops take effect by using different lights to evaluate the front of your eye and the inside of each eye.

Several tests may be performed during the comprehensive eye exam. The tests are designed to evaluate your vision and to examine the appearance and function of different parts of your eyes.

After the exam, the doctor will discuss the results of the entire review and assess your vision and your risks of eye disease before recommending preventive measures to protect your eyesight. A comprehensive eye exam gives you access to information about the health of your eyes, and you should undergo the reviews, as suggested in this blog.

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